Canada’s New Anti-Spam Legislation: What to Expect

By Mark Borkowski

I spoke with Ralph Kroman about Canada’s new Anti-Spam Legislation. I learned some very interesting information about this new legislation.. 

Ralph Kroman is a business lawyer with WeirFoulds LLP. He helps his clients deal with intellectual property and technology matters such as the acquisition of information technology, and the licensing and protection of copyright, trade-marks and confidential information. Here, Kroman talks to Mark Borkowski about Canada’s new anti-spam legislation.

Mark Borkowski (MB): Let’s start with the basics. What is Canada’s new “Anti-Spam” law?

Ralph Kroman (RK): Canada passed the Fighting Internet and Wireless Spam Act, unofficially referred to as the “Anti-Spam Act”, in December of 2010. It has not yet entered into force but once it does, likely sometime in 2013, it will regulate certain activities to deter damaging and deceptive forms of spam and will ultimately promote the efficiency of our economy by prohibiting electronic threats to commerce. 

MB: How will this new law impact Canadians and how they run their businesses?

RK: This Act will have a significant impact on Canadians and their businesses, specifically regarding how they handle electronic means of conducting commercial activities. For instance, the main application of the Act relates to electronic messages sent to encourage participation in a commercial activity including the purchase of goods or services by the recipient.  These are referred to as “commercial electronic messages” and include messages sent through email, social networking sites and text messages. Individuals and businesses are prohibited from sending these messages without the consent of the recipient, identification of the sender and corresponding contact information, and inclusion of an unsubscribe mechanism.

Even if you send a single electronic message targeted to one individual person, it may be subject to the Act. So, businesses will definitely want to review this law now in order to prepare for compliance.

MB: In addition to sending commercial electronic messages without consent, what other activities are prohibited by the Act?

RK: Some of the other prohibitions involve the installation of computer programs without express consent; the alteration of transmission data resulting in electronic messages being delivered to a different destination without express consent; the use of false or misleading representations online in product or service promotions; and the collection of personal information and electronic addresses through computer programs without permission. The full list of prohibitions can be found at

MB: It seems like the key factor where most of these prohibitions are concerned is consent. Can you elaborate a bit further on this requirement?

RK: The Act is in place to protect Canadian consumers and businesses and lead to a safer, more secure online environment. The bottom line is we can’t send commercial electronic messages to people who haven’t allowed us to.

There are two types of consent to consider, express and implied. Express consent occurs when the recipient has outwardly agreed to the receipt of the messages.  Implied consent occurs when there is an existing business relationship between the sender and recipient.  Implied consent usually expires two years after the most recent business transaction between the sender and recipient.

MB: How will implied consent be monitored as we transition to the Anti-Spam Act?

RK: Once the Act comes into force, we are given a transitional period where the consent of a person who has an existing business relationship is implied only until they either retract consent, or until three years after the day the Act came into force, whichever is earlier.

MB: What happens if someone, whether an individual or a business, is caught violating the Anti-Spam Act?

RK: With respect to violations involving the absence of consent, there is a reverse onus obligation where, if investigated, you must be able to prove that you obtained consent, express or implied.

There are serious implications and penalties for violating the Act. Individuals can be fined up to $1 million per violation, while entities, such as corporations, can be fined up to $10 million per violation. 

MB: How can Canadians and businesses protect themselves from these implications?

RK: Compliance is the key to protection, and awareness and preparation are needed for compliance. Review the regulations, understand them, and take the necessary steps to ensure you comply. 

Look at your electronic communications and determine which ones would be classified as commercial electronic messages and be caught by the Act. Then, review your database of contacts and determine where consent is required for future communications.

You will also want to establish procedures for obtaining express consent, for maintaining lists of recipients who fall under implied consent, and for removing recipients when implied consent expires.

Finally, make sure all communications comply with the Act and include all requisite information and the unsubscribe mechanism.

Mark Borkowski is president of Mercantile Mergers & Acquisitions Corporation. Mercantile is a mid market M&A brokerage firm. Contact –

If you have any questions regarding the Anti-Spam Act and its impact on your commercial activities, contact Ralph Kroman at 416.947.5026 or [email protected].